roślina lecznicza po angielsku

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Po-angielsku.pl to słownik polsko-angielski grupujący słowa po angielsku według tematyki.
Oprócz angielskiego tłumaczenia słów polskich podawana jest również definicja i przykłady użycia oraz synonimy (wyrazy bliskoznaczne), antonimy (wyrazy przeciwstawne), hiperonimy (pojęcia nadrzędne) i hiponimy (pojęcia podrzędne).

W założeniach serwis ma być pomocny nauczycielom języka angielskiego przygotowującym słownictwo na dany temat oraz osobom uczącym się tego języka w celu poszerzenia poznawanego słownictwa.

Słowa polskie, ich tłumaczenia na język angielski oraz definicje i przykłady użycia pochodzą z leksykalno-semantycznej baza danych plWordNet tworzoną przez Grupę Technologii Językowych Politechniki Wrocławskiej.
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Hasła związane ze słowem/zwrotem roślina lecznicza

Hasło po polskuHasło po angielskuRelacja językowaDefinicja i przykłady
roślinaplant life, flora, plantpojęcie nadrzędne(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
imbirgenus Zingiber, Zingiberpojęcie podrzędnetropical Asiatic and Polynesian perennial plants: ginger
miętamintpojęcie podrzędneany north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers
szałwiasalvia, sagepojęcie podrzędneany of various plants of the genus Salvia; a cosmopolitan herb
lawendalavenderpojęcie podrzędneany of various Old World aromatic shrubs or subshrubs with usually mauve or blue flowers; widely cultivated
majeranek ogrodowy, majeranek, lebiodka majeranek, majoranMajorana hortensis, Origanum majorana, knotted marjoram, sweet marjorampojęcie podrzędnearomatic European plant native to Mediterranean and Turkey; not widespread in Europe
dmuchawiec, mniszek pospolity, mniszek lekarski, mleczTaraxacum officinale, Taraxacum ruderalia, common dandelionpojęcie podrzędneEurasian plant widely naturalized as a weed in North America; used as salad greens and to make wine
rumianekAnthemis nobilis, Chamaemelum nobilis, camomile, chamomilepojęcie podrzędneEurasian plant with apple-scented foliage and white-rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis
waleriana, kozłek lekarskiValeriana officinalis, garden heliotrope, common valerianpojęcie podrzędnetall rhizomatous plant having very fragrant flowers and rhizomes used medicinally
oleanderNerium oleander, rose bay, oleanderpojęcie podrzędnean ornamental but poisonous flowering shrub having narrow evergreen leaves and clusters of fragrant white to pink or red flowers: native to East Indies but widely cultivated in warm regions
skrzyphorsetailpojęcie podrzędneperennial rushlike flowerless herbs with jointed hollow stems and narrow toothlike leaves that spread by creeping rhizomes; tend to become weedy; common in northern hemisphere; some in Africa and South America
fenkuł, koper włoski, fenkuł włoskiFoeniculum vulgare, common fennelpojęcie podrzędnestrongly aromatic with a smell of aniseed; leaves and seeds used for seasoning
pigwa pospolita, pigwaCydonia oblonga, quince bush, quincepojęcie podrzędnesmall Asian tree with pinkish flowers and pear-shaped fruit; widely cultivated
lebioda, komosa białaChenopodium album, wild spinach, pigweed, lamb's-quarterspojęcie podrzędnecommon weedy European plant introduced into North America; often used as a potherb
lipalime tree, lime, basswood, linden tree, lindenpojęcie podrzędneany of various deciduous trees of the genus Tilia with heart-shaped leaves and drooping cymose clusters of yellowish often fragrant flowers; several yield valuable timber
zimowit jesiennyColchicum autumnale, naked lady, meadow saffron, autumn crocuspojęcie podrzędnebulbous autumn-flowering herb with white, purple or lavender-and-white flowers; native to western and central Europe
cykoria podróżnikCichorium intybus, chicory plant, succory, chicorypojęcie podrzędneperennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads
drapacz lekarski, bernardynek, knikus benedyktyńskiCnicus benedictus, sweet sultan, blessed thistlepojęcie podrzędneannual of Mediterranean to Portugal having hairy stems and minutely spiny-toothed leaves and large heads of yellow flowers
dziewięćsił bezłodygowyCarlina acaulis, stemless carline thistlepojęcie podrzędnestemless perennial having large flowers with white or purple-brown florets nestled in a rosette of long spiny leaves hairy beneath; of alpine regions of southern and eastern Europe
dzięgiel lekarski, arcydzięgiel, litwor, dzięgiel litwor, arcydzięgiel litworAngelica Archangelica, archangel, garden angelicapojęcie podrzędnea biennial cultivated herb; its stems are candied and eaten and its roots are used medicinally
dzięgiel leśnyAngelica sylvestris, wild angelicapojęcie podrzędneEuropean herb with compound leaves and white flowers; adventive on Cape Breton Island
jesion wyniosłyFraxinus excelsior, common European ash, European ashpojęcie podrzędnetall ash of Europe to the Caucasus having leaves shiny dark-green above and pale downy beneath
gorzknik kanadyjskiHydrastis Canadensis, turmeric root, yellow root, golden seal, goldensealpojęcie podrzędneperennial herb of northeastern United States having a thick knotted yellow rootstock and large rounded leaves
pierwiosnek lekarski, pierwiosnka lekarskaPrimula veris, paigle, cowslippojęcie podrzędneearly spring flower common in British isles having fragrant yellow or sometimes purple flowers
oman wielki, oman czerwonkowyInula helenium, elecampanepojęcie podrzędnetall coarse Eurasian herb having daisylike yellow flowers with narrow petals whose rhizomatous roots are used medicinally
ostrokrzew paragwajski, mate, herbata paragwajska, yerba mate, yerbaIlex paraguariensis, Paraguay tea, matepojęcie podrzędneSouth American holly; leaves used in making a drink like tea
ostropest plamistySilybum marianum, blessed thistle, holy thistle, Our Lady's mild thistle, lady's thistle, milk thistlepojęcie podrzędnetall Old World biennial thistle with large clasping white-blotched leaves and purple flower heads; naturalized in California and South America
bieluń dziędzierzawaDatura stramonium, apple of Peru, common thorn apple, Jamestown weed, jimson weed, jimsonweedpojęcie podrzędneintensely poisonous tall coarse annual tropical weed having rank-smelling foliage, large white or violet trumpet-shaped flowers and prickly fruits
aloesgenus Aloepojęcie podrzędnelarge genus of chiefly African liliaceous plants; in some systems placed in family Aloeaceae
filodendrongenus Philodendronpojęcie podrzędneany of several tropical American climbing plants with smooth shiny evergreen leaves
lubczyk ogrodowy, lubczyk, korzeń, mleczeńLevisticum officinale, lovagepojęcie podrzędneherb native to southern Europe; cultivated for its edible stalks and foliage and seeds
jasnota białaLamium album, white dead nettlepojęcie podrzędneEuropean dead nettle with white flowers
podbiałgenus Tussilago, Tussilagopojęcie podrzędnegenus of low creeping yellow-flowered perennial herbs of north temperate regions: coltsfoots; in some classifications includes species often placed in other genera especially Homogyne and Petasites
tasznikgenus Capsella, Capsellapojęcie podrzędneshepherd's purse
belladona, pokrzyk, wilcza jagoda, pokrzyk wilcza jagodaAtropa belladonna, deadly nightshade, belladonna plant, belladonnapojęcie podrzędneperennial Eurasian herb with reddish bell-shaped flowers and shining black berries; extensively grown in United States; roots and leaves yield atropine
tojad, mordownik, akonitgenus Aconitum, Aconitumpojęcie podrzędnegenus of poisonous plants of temperate regions of northern hemisphere with a vaulted and enlarged petal
hibiskus, ketmia, ibiszekhibiscuspojęcie podrzędneany plant of the genus Hibiscus
dziurawiec, ziele świętojańskiegenus Hypericum, Hypericumpojęcie podrzędnelarge almost cosmopolitan genus of evergreen or deciduous shrubs and herbs with often showy yellow flowers; cosmopolitan except tropical lowlands and Arctic or high altitudes and desert regions
melisagenus Melissa, Melissapojęcie podrzędnea genus of Old World mints of the family Labiatae
psia ruta, bielica piołun, piołun, bylica piołunArtemisia absinthium, lad's love, old man, absinthe, common wormwoodpojęcie podrzędnearomatic herb of temperate Eurasia and North Africa having a bitter taste used in making the liqueur absinthe
bobrek trójlistkowy, bobrek trójlistnyMenyanthes trifoliata, marsh trefoil, bog myrtle, bogbean, buckbean, water shamrockpojęcie podrzędneperennial plant of Europe and America having racemes of white or purplish flowers and intensely bitter trifoliate leaves; often rooting at water margin and spreading across the surface
modrak, bławatek, chaber bławatekCentaurea cyanus, bluebottle, bachelor's button, cornflowerpojęcie podrzędnean annual Eurasian plant cultivated in North America having showy heads of blue or purple or pink or white flowers
lebiodka pospolita, dziki majeranek, oreganoOriganum vulgare, winter sweet, wild marjoram, pot marjoram, marjoram, oreganopojęcie podrzędnearomatic Eurasian perennial
cantedeskia, kalia, kalijkagenus Zantedeschia, Zantedeschiapojęcie podrzędnecalla lily
mandragoragenus Mandragora, Mandragorapojęcie podrzędnea genus of stemless herbs of the family Solanaceae
pomórnik, pomornik, kupalnik górski, arnika górska, tranek górskiArnica montanapojęcie podrzędneherb of pasture and open woodland throughout most of Europe and western Asia having orange-yellow daisylike flower heads that when dried are used as a stimulant and to treat bruises and swellings
centuria, tysiącznikcentaurypojęcie podrzędneany plant of the genus Centaurea
marzanka wonna, przytulia wonnaAsperula odorata, Galium odoratum, fragrant bedstraw, woodruff, waldmeister, sweet woodruffpojęcie podrzędneOld World fragrant stoloniferous perennial having small white flowers and narrow leaves used as flavoring and in sachets; widely cultivated as a ground cover; in some classifications placed in genus Asperula
naparstnica, digitalisdigitalis, foxglovepojęcie podrzędneany of several plants of the genus Digitalis
rozmaryngenus Rosmarinus, Rosmarinuspojęcie podrzędnerosemary
rutaRuta graveolens, herb of grace, ruepojęcie podrzędneEuropean strong-scented perennial herb with grey-green bitter-tasting leaves; an irritant similar to poison ivy
werbena, werwena, witułkavervain, verbenapojęcie podrzędneany of numerous tropical or subtropical American plants of the genus Verbena grown for their showy spikes of variously colored flowers
cynamonowiec kamforowy, kamforowiec, drzewo kamforowe, kamforowiec lekarskiCinnamomum camphora, camphor treepojęcie podrzędnelarge evergreen tree of warm regions whose aromatic wood yields camphor
kuklikgenus Geum, Geumpojęcie podrzędneavens
kuklik zwisłyGeum rivale, chocolate root, purple avens, Indian chocolate, water avenspojęcie podrzędneerect perennial of north temperate zone having pinnate leaves and a few nodding flowers with a brown-purple calyx and orange and pink petals
lepiężnik wonnyPetasites fragrans, sweet coltsfoot, winter heliotropepojęcie podrzędneEuropean herb with vanilla-scented white-pink flowers
miłek, adonisgenus Adonis, Adonispojęcie podrzędneannual or perennial herbs
tojeść pospolita, tojeść zwyczajnaLysimachia vulgaris, garden loosestrife, yellow loosestrifepojęcie podrzędnefrequently considered a weed; Europe and Asia
tojeść rozesłana, pieniężnikLysimachia nummularia, creeping Charlie, creeping Jenny, moneywortpojęcie podrzędnea loosestrife vine
traganek szerokolistnyAstragalus glycyphyllos, wild liquorice, wild licoricepojęcie podrzędneEuropean perennial
żabieniec babka wodnaAlisma plantago-aquatica, water plantainpojęcie podrzędnemarsh plant having clusters of small white or pinkish flowers and broad pointed or rounded leaves
borówka brusznica, brusznica, borówka czerwonaVaccinium vitis-idaea, foxberry, lingberry, lingenberry, lingonberry, mountain cranberry, cowberrypojęcie podrzędnelow evergreen shrub of high north temperate regions of Europe and Asia and America bearing red edible berries
ogórecznikgenus Borago, Boragopojęcie podrzędneperennial herbs of the Mediterranean region
wrotyczTanacetum vulgare, scented fern, golden buttons, tansypojęcie podrzędnecommon perennial aromatic herb native to Eurasia having buttonlike yellow flower heads and bitter-tasting pinnate leaves sometimes used medicinally
pszonakgenus Erysimum, Erysimumpojęcie podrzędnelarge genus of annual or perennial herbs some grown for their flowers and some for their attractive evergreen leaves; Old World and North America
ciemiernikhelleborepojęcie podrzędneany plant of the Eurasian genus Helleborus
jaskier ostryRanunculus acris, tall field buttercup, tall crowfoot, tall buttercup, meadow buttercuppojęcie podrzędneperennial European buttercup with yellow spring flowers widely naturalized especially in eastern North America
żeń-szeń, gin-seng, ginseng, wszechlekgenus Panax, Panaxpojęcie podrzędneperennial herbs of eastern North America and Asia having aromatic tuberous roots: ginseng
trybula ogrodowaAnthriscus cereifolium, beaked parsley, chervilpojęcie podrzędnearomatic annual Old World herb cultivated for its finely divided and often curly leaves for use especially in soups and salads
myszopłoch kolczasty, ruszczyk kolczastyRuscus aculeatus, butcher's broompojęcie podrzędneshrub with stiff flattened stems resembling leaves (cladophylls); used for making brooms
oczarwych hazel plant, wych hazel, witch hazel plant, witch hazelpojęcie podrzędneany of several shrubs or trees of the genus Hamamelis; bark yields an astringent lotion
lobelia rozdęta, stroiczka rozdętaLobelia inflata, bladderpod, Indian tobaccopojęcie podrzędneNorth American wild lobelia having small blue flowers and inflated capsules formerly used as an antispasmodic
szczawik zajęczy, kapusta zajęczaOxalis acetosella, shamrock, cuckoo bread, common wood sorrelpojęcie podrzędneEurasian plant with heart-shaped trifoliate leaves and white purple-veined flowers
borówka czarna, jagoda, czarna jagoda, ciemna jagoda, leśna jagoda, modra jagoda, czernica, czernina, borówka czernicaViccinium myrtillus, blaeberry, whinberry, whortleberry, bilberrypojęcie podrzędneerect European blueberry having solitary flowers and blue-black berries
czarna porzeczkaRibes nigrum, European black currant, black currantpojęcie podrzędnewidely cultivated current bearing edible black aromatic berries
kocimiętkagenus Nepeta, Nepetapojęcie podrzędnecatmint
męczennica cielistaPassiflora incarnata, maypoppojęcie podrzędneof southern United States; having an insipid berry the size of a hen egg
kokornak powojnikowy, kokornak powojnikowatyAristolochia clematitis, birthwortpojęcie podrzędnecreeping plant having curving flowers thought to resemble fetuses; native to Europe; naturalized Great Britain and eastern North America
kokornak wielkolistnyAristolochia durior, Aristolochia macrophylla, pipe vine, Dutchman's-pipepojęcie podrzędnehardy deciduous vine having large leaves and flowers with the calyx tube curved like the bowl of a pipe
czworolist pospolityParis quadrifolia, herb Parispojęcie podrzędneEuropean herb with yellow-green flowers resembling and closely related to the trilliums; reputed to be poisonous
kopytnik pospolityAsarum europaeum, asarabaccapojęcie podrzędnethick creeping evergreen herb of western Europe
jastrzębiec kosmaczekHieracium pilocella, Pilosella officinarum, mouse-ear hawkweedpojęcie podrzędneEuropean hawkweed having soft hairy leaves; sometimes placed in genus Hieracium
słodkogórz, psianka słodkogórzSolanum dulcamara, woody nightshade, poisonous nightshade, deadly nightshade, climbing nightshade, bittersweet nightshade, bittersweetpojęcie podrzędnepoisonous perennial Old World vine having violet flowers and oval coral-red berries; widespread weed in North America
bez, dziki bezelderberry bush, elderpojęcie podrzędneany of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
barwinek pospolityVinca minor, myrtlepojęcie podrzędnewidely cultivated as a groundcover for its dark green shiny leaves and usually blue-violet flowers
zawilec gajowyAnemone nemorosa, wood anemonepojęcie podrzędneEuropean anemone with solitary white flowers common in deciduous woodlands
serdecznik pospolityLeonurus cardiaca, motherwortpojęcie podrzędnebitter Old World herb of hedgerows and woodland margins having toothed leaves and white or pale pink flowers
dziewannavelvet plant, flannel leaf, mulleinpojęcie podrzędneany of various plants of the genus Verbascum having large usually woolly leaves and terminal spikes of yellow or white or purplish flowers
draganek, bylica głupich, bylica draganek, bylica estragon, estragonArtemisia dracunculus, estragon, tarragonpojęcie podrzędnearomatic perennial of southeastern Russia
krwawnik pospolity, złocień krwawnik, żeniszek krwawnik, tysiąclistAchillea millefolium, milfoil, yarrowpojęcie podrzędneubiquitous strong-scented mat-forming Eurasian herb of wasteland, hedgerow or pasture having narrow serrate leaves and small usually white florets; widely naturalized in North America
krwawnik kichawiecAchillea ptarmica, sneezewort, sneezeweed yarrowpojęcie podrzędneEurasian herb having loose heads of button-shaped white flowers and long grey-green leaves that cause sneezing when powdered
kmin rzymskiCuminum cyminum, cuminpojęcie podrzędnedwarf Mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds
cząberek, macierzanka piaskowa, tymianek wąskolistny, dzięcielnicaThymus serpyllum, creeping thyme, wild thymepojęcie podrzędnearomatic dwarf shrub common on banks and hillsides in Europe; naturalized in United States
przetacznik leśny, przetacznik lekarskiVeronica officinalis, gypsyweed, common speedwellpojęcie podrzędnecommon hairy European perennial with pale blue or lilac flowers in axillary racemes
widłak goździsty, babimórLycopodium clavitum, running pinepojęcie podrzędnea variety of club moss
jałowiec pospolityJuniperus communis, common juniperpojęcie podrzędnedensely branching shrub or small tree having pungent blue berries used to flavor gin; widespread in northern hemisphere; only conifer on coasts of Iceland and Greenland
jałowiec sabiński, jałowiec sawina, jałowiec sawińskiJuniperus sabina, savin, dwarf juniperpojęcie podrzędneprocumbent or spreading juniper
flaszowiec miękkociernisty, guanabana, flaszowe drzewo, graviolaAnnona muricata, soursop tree, prickly custard apple, soursoppojęcie podrzędnesmall tropical American tree bearing large succulent slightly acid fruit
bylica boże drzewkoArtemisia abrotanum, southernwoodpojęcie podrzędneshrubby European wormwood naturalized in North America; sometimes used in brewing beer
wawrzyn szlachetnyLaurus nobilis, bay tree, bay laurel, bay, true laurelpojęcie podrzędnesmall Mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient Greeks to crown victors
rumian polnyAnthemis arvensis, corn mayweed, field chamomile, corn chamomilepojęcie podrzędneEuropean white-flowered weed naturalized in North America
marzana barwierska, marzana farbiarskaRubia tinctorum, madderpojęcie podrzędneEurasian herb having small yellow flowers and red roots formerly an important source of the dye alizarin
goryczka żółtaGentiana lutea, great yellow gentianpojęcie podrzędnerobust European perennial having clusters of yellow flowers
dereń kwiecistyCornus florida, eastern flowering dogwood, common white dogwoodpojęcie podrzędnedeciduous tree; celebrated for its large white or pink bracts and stunning autumn color that is followed by red berries
ambrozja bylicolistnaAmbrosia artemisiifolia, common ragweedpojęcie podrzędneannual weed with finely divided foliage and spikes of green flowers; common in North America; introduced elsewhere accidentally
nagietek lekarskiCalendula officinalis, Scotch marigold, ruddles, pot marigold, common marigoldpojęcie podrzędnethe common European annual marigold
nawłoć kanadyjska, drzewko Matki BoskiejSolidago canadensis, Canadian goldenrod, meadow goldenrodpojęcie podrzędnelarge North American goldenrod having showy clusters of yellow flowers on arching branches; often a weed
rumianek bezpromieniowyMatricaria matricarioides, rayless chamomile, pineapple weedpojęcie podrzędneannual aromatic weed of Pacific coastal areas (United States and northeastern Asia) having bristle-pointed leaves and rayless yellow flowers
rumianek pospolityMatricaria chamomilla, Matricaria recutita, German chamomile, wild chamomile, sweet false chamomilepojęcie podrzędneannual Eurasian herb similar in fragrance and medicinal uses to chamomile though taste is more bitter and effect is considered inferior
stokrotka łąkowa, stokrotka pospolita, stokrotka trwałaBellis perennis, English daisy, common daisypojęcie podrzędnelow-growing Eurasian plant with yellow central disc flowers and pinkish-white outer ray flowers
ukwap dwupienny, kocanka czerwonamountain everlastingpojęcie podrzędnea variety of cat's foot
farbownik lekarskiAnchusa officinalis, alkanet, buglosspojęcie podrzędneperennial or biennial herb cultivated for its delicate usually blue flowers
nawrot lekarskiLithospermum officinale, gromwellpojęcie podrzędneEuropean perennial branching plant; occurs in hedgerows and at the edge of woodlands
żywokost lekarski, kosztywałSymphytum officinale, boneset, common comfreypojęcie podrzędneEuropean herb having small white, pink or purple flowers; naturalized as a weed in North America
bluszcz pospolityHedera helix, English ivy, common ivy, ivypojęcie podrzędneOld World vine with lobed evergreen leaves and black berrylike fruits
żankiel zwyczajnySanicula Europaea, European saniclepojęcie podrzędnesanicle of Europe and Asia having white to pale pink flowers
seler zwyczajnyApium graveolens, wild celerypojęcie podrzędneherb of Europe and temperate Asia
kminek zwyczajny, kmin polnyCarum carvi, carawaypojęcie podrzędnea Eurasian plant with small white flowers yielding caraway seed
kolendra siewna, kolenderCoriandrum sativum, cilantro, Chinese parsley, coriander plant, corianderpojęcie podrzędneOld World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
barszcz zwyczajnyHeracleum sphondylium, hogweed, cow parsnippojęcie podrzędnetall coarse plant having thick stems and cluster of white to purple flowers
pasternak zwyczajnyPastinaca sativa, parsnippojęcie podrzędnea strong-scented plant cultivated for its edible root
marchewnik anyżowy, marchewnik wonnyMyrrhis odorata, sweet cicelypojęcie podrzędneEuropean herb with soft ferny leaves and white flowers
anyż, anyżek, biedrzeniec anyżPimpinella anisum, anise plant, anisepojęcie podrzędnenative to Egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery
pietruszka zwyczajnaPetroselinum crispum, parsleypojęcie podrzędneannual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
lulecznica kraińskaScopolia carniolicapojęcie podrzędneherb that is a source of scopolamine
kurzyślad polnyAnagallis arvensis, poor man's weatherglass, red pimpernel, scarlet pimpernelpojęcie podrzędneherb with scarlet or white or purple blossoms that close at approach of rainy weather
lukrecjagenus Glycyrrhiza, Glycyrrhizapojęcie podrzędnesticky perennial Eurasian herbs
mącznica lekarskaArctostaphylos uva-ursi, creashak, bear's grape, mountain box, sandberry, sand berry, hog cranberry, mealberry, wild cranberry, red bearberry, common bearberrypojęcie podrzędneevergreen mat-forming shrub of North America and northern Eurasia having small white flowers and red berries; leaves turn red in autumn
bagno zwyczajne, bagno pospolite, bagniak, dziki rozmaryn, rozmaryn leśnyLedum palustre, marsh tea, wild rosemarypojęcie podrzędnebog shrub of northern and central Europe and eastern Siberia to Korea and Japan
golteria rozesłana, gaulteria rozesłana, starzęśla rozesłanaGaultheria procumbens, creeping wintergreen, ground-berry, groundberry, mountain tea, checkerberry, wintergreen, teaberrypojęcie podrzędnecreeping shrub of eastern North America having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
żurawina błotna, borówka błotnaVaccinium oxycoccus, small cranberry, European cranberrypojęcie podrzędnesmall red-fruited trailing cranberry of Arctic and cool regions of the northern hemisphere
wielosił błękitnyPolymonium caeruleum van-bruntiae, Polemonium van-bruntiae, Polemonium caeruleum, charity, Greek valerian, Jacob's ladderpojęcie podrzędnepinnate-leaved European perennial having bright blue or white flowers
kamelia japońskaCamellia japonica, japonicapojęcie podrzędnegreenhouse shrub with glossy green leaves and showy fragrant rose-like flowers; cultivated in many varieties
pięciornik gęsi, pięciornik pospolity, pięćperset gęsi, srebrnik pospolity, gęsie ziele, gęsia trawa, gęsiówka, drabinki, dziewicze zielePotentilla anserina, goose grass, goose-tansy, silverweedpojęcie podrzędnelow-growing perennial having leaves silvery beneath; northern United States; Europe; Asia
poziomka pospolitaFragaria vesca, wood strawberry, wild strawberrypojęcie podrzędneEurope
głóg ostrogowyCrataegus crus-galli, cockspur hawthorn, cockspur thornpojęcie podrzędneeastern United States hawthorn with long straight thorns
drzewo oliwne, oliwnik europejski, oliwka uprawna, oliwka europejskaOlea europaea, European olive tree, olivepojęcie podrzędneevergreen tree cultivated in the Mediterranean region since antiquity and now elsewhere; has edible shiny black fruits
lnica pospolitaLinaria vulgaris, devil's flax, wild snapdragon, butter-and-eggs, toadflaxpojęcie podrzędnecommon European perennial having showy yellow and orange flowers; a naturalized weed in North America
babka lancetowata, babka wąskolistna, języczek polnyPlantago lanceolata, buckthorn, ripple-grass, ribwort, ribgrass, narrow-leaved plantain, English plantainpojęcie podrzędnean Old World plantain with long narrow ribbed leaves widely established in temperate regions
babka zwyczajna, babka większaPlantago major, cart-track plant, whiteman's foot, white-man's foot, common plantain, broad-leaved plantainpojęcie podrzędnecommon European perennial naturalized worldwide; a troublesome weed
dziewanna wielkokwiatowavelvet plant, flannel leaf, mulleinpojęcie podrzędneany of various plants of the genus Verbascum having large usually woolly leaves and terminal spikes of yellow or white or purplish flowers
bazylia pospolita, bazylia wonna, bazylek ogrodowy, bazylijka zwyczajna, bazyliszka polskaOcimum basilicum, sweet basil, common basilpojęcie podrzędneannual or perennial of tropical Asia having spikes of small white flowers and aromatic leaves; one of the most important culinary herbs; used in salads, casseroles, sauces and some liqueurs
bluszczyk ziemny, kurdybanek, bluszczyk kurdybanek, obłożnikNepeta hederaceae, Glechoma hederaceae, runaway robin, gill-over-the-ground, field balm, alehoof, ground ivypojęcie podrzędnetrailing European aromatic plant of the mint family having rounded leaves and small purplish flowers often grown in hanging baskets; naturalized in North America; sometimes placed in genus Nepeta
czyściec błotnyStachys palustris, hedge nettlepojęcie podrzędneperennial herb with an odorless rhizome widespread in moist places in northern hemisphere
głowienka pospolitaPrunella vulgaris, heal all, self-healpojęcie podrzędnedecumbent blue-flowered European perennial thought to possess healing properties; naturalized throughout North America
hyzop lekarski, izop lekarski, józefek, józefkaHyssopus officinalis, hyssoppojęcie podrzędnea European mint with aromatic and pungent leaves used in perfumery and as a seasoning in cookery; often cultivated as a remedy for bruises; yields hyssop oil
karbieniec pospolityLycopus europaeus, gypsywort, gipsywortpojęcie podrzędnehairy Eurasian herb with two-lipped white flowers
czyścica storzyszek, klinopodium pospolite, storzyszekSatureja vulgaris, Clinopodium vulgare, cushion calamint, wild basilpojęcie podrzędnearomatic herb having heads of small pink or whitish flowers; widely distributed in United States, Europe and Asia
kocimiętka właściwaNepeta cataria, catnip, catmintpojęcie podrzędnehairy aromatic perennial herb having whorls of small white purple-spotted flowers in a terminal spike; used in the past as a domestic remedy; strongly attractive to cats
mierznica czarnaBallota nigra, stinking horehound, fetid horehound, black archangel, black horehoundpojęcie podrzędneill-smelling European herb with rugose leaves and whorls of dark purple flowers
ożanka właściwaTeucrium chamaedrys, wall germanderpojęcie podrzędneEuropean perennial subshrub with red-purple or bright rose flowers with red and white spots
poziewnik szorstkiGaleopsis tetrahit, dead nettle, hemp nettlepojęcie podrzędnecoarse bristly Eurasian plant with white or reddish flowers and foliage resembling that of a nettle; common as a weed in United States
krzeszyna, krzecina, szanta zwyczajna, gojnikMarrubium vulgare, white horehound, common horehoundpojęcie podrzędneEuropean aromatic herb with hairy leaves and numerous white flowers in axillary cymes; leaves yield a bitter extract use medicinally and as flavoring
cząber górskiSatureia montana, Satureja montana, winter savorypojęcie podrzędneerect perennial subshrub having pink or white flowers and leathery leaves with a flavor of thyme; southern Europe
cząber ogrodowySatureia hortensis, Satureja hortensis, summer savorypojęcie podrzędneerect annual herb with oval leaves and pink flowers; used to flavor e.g. meats or soups or salads; southeastern Europe and naturalized elsewhere
tatarak zwyczajnyAcorus calamus, flagroot, myrtle flag, sweet calamus, calamus, sweet flagpojęcie podrzędneperennial marsh plant having swordlike leaves and aromatic roots
ostryż długi, kurkuma długa, ostryż indyjski, szafran indyjskiCurcuma domestica, Curcuma longa, turmericpojęcie podrzędnewidely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
alpinia galgant, gałgant chiński, dziki kardamon, galangal większyAlpinia galanga, galangalpojęcie podrzędnesoutheastern Asian perennial with aromatic roots
trójednik, trojednikgenus Calochortus, Calochortuspojęcie podrzędnelarge genus of western North American leafy-stemmed bulbous herbs
trójlistgenus Trilliumpojęcie podrzędnedeciduous perennial herbs; sometimes placed in family Liliaceae
bezplamka muchotrutkaAmianthum muscitoxicum, Amianthum muscaetoxicum, fly poisonpojęcie podrzędneall parts of plant are highly toxic; bulb pounded and used as a fly poison; sometimes placed in subfamily Melanthiaceae
ananas jadalny, ananas właściwy, ananas czubatyAnanas comosus, pineapple plant, pineapplepojęcie podrzędnea tropical American plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated in the tropics
brzoza brodawkowata, brzoza zwisła, brzoza płaczącaBetula pendula, European white birch, common birch, silver birchpojęcie podrzędneEuropean birch with silvery white peeling bark and markedly drooping branches
brzoza omszonaBetula pubescens, white birch, downy birchpojęcie podrzędneEuropean birch with dull white to pale brown bark and somewhat drooping hairy branches
szkarłatka amerykańskaPhytolacca americana, scoke, garget, pigeon berry, pokepojęcie podrzędnetall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous
połonicznik nagi, połonicznik gładkiHernaria glabra, rupturewortpojęcie podrzędnecommon prostrate Old World herb often used as a ground cover; formerly reputed to cure ruptures
kalina koralowaViburnum opulus, cranberry tree, crampbark, European cranberry bush, European cranberrybush, guelder rosepojęcie podrzędnedeciduous thicket-forming Old World shrub with clusters of white flowers and small bright red berries
kalina hordowina, hordowinaViburnum lantana, twistwood, twist wood, wayfaring treepojęcie podrzędnevigorous deciduous European treelike shrub common along waysides; red berries turn black
kąkol polnyAgrostemma githago, crown-of-the-field, corn campion, corn cocklepojęcie podrzędneEuropean annual having large trumpet-shaped reddish-purple flowers and poisonous seed; a common weed in grainfields and beside roadways; naturalized in America
krąpiel, takkagenus Tacca, Taccapojęcie podrzędnegenus of tropical plants with creeping rootstocks and small umbellate flowers
mydlnica lekarskaSaponaria officinalis, bouncing Bess, bouncing Bet, hedge pink, soapwortpojęcie podrzędneplant of European origin having pink or white flowers and leaves yielding a detergent when bruised
wiciokrzew pomorski, suchodrzew pomorskiLonicera periclymenum, woodbinepojęcie podrzędneEuropean twining honeysuckle with fragrant red and yellow-white flowers
świerzbnica polnaScabiosa arvensis, field scabiouspojęcie podrzędneperennial having bluish-lilac flowers; introduced in the eastern United States
ostrokrzew kolczastyChristmas holly, American hollypojęcie podrzędnean evergreen tree
rozchodnik ostrySedum acre, wall pepperpojęcie podrzędnemossy European creeping sedum with yellow flowers; widely introduced as a ground cover
owies zwyczajnyAvena sativa, cereal oatpojęcie podrzędnewidely cultivated in temperate regions for its edible grains
perz właściwyAgropyron repens, witchgrass, witch grass, quick grass, quack grass, quackgrass, couch grass, dog grasspojęcie podrzędneEuropean grass spreading rapidly by creeping rhizomes; naturalized in North America as a weed
tulejnikgenus Lysichitum, Lysichitum, genus Lysichiton, Lysichitonpojęcie podrzędneskunk cabbage
skupniagenus Symplocarpus, Symplocarpuspojęcie podrzędneone species: skunk cabbage
monsteragenus Monsterapojęcie podrzędnetropical American climbing plant with deeply incised leaves
scindapsusgenus Pothos, genus Scindapsus, Scindapsuspojęcie podrzędneevergreen climbers with adhesive adventitious roots; southeastern Asia and Brazil
żmijownik, mięśliwoniagenus Dracontiumpojęcie podrzędnesmall genus of tropical American cormous herbs
arizemagenus Arisaema, Arisaemapojęcie podrzędnetuberous or rhizomatous herbaceous perennials
kleśniecgenus Arisarum, Arisarumpojęcie podrzędnetuberous or rhizomatous perennial herbs; mainly Mediterranean area
zroślichagenus Syngonium, Syngoniumpojęcie podrzędneepiphytic or terrestrial climbing shrubs of Central and South America; used as ornamental houseplants for their velvety foliage
komosa piżmowa, komosa meksykańska, herbata jezuickaChenopodium ambrosioides, wormseed, Spanish tea, Mexican tea, American wormseedpojęcie podrzędnerank-smelling tropical American pigweed
łoboda ogrodowaAtriplex hortensis, mountain spinach, garden orachepojęcie podrzędneAsiatic plant resembling spinach often used as a potherb; naturalized in Europe and North America
gryka zwyczajnaFagopyrum esculentum, Polygonum fagopyrum, buckwheatpojęcie podrzędnea member of the genus Fagopyrum; annual Asian plant with clusters of small pinkish white flowers and small edible triangular seeds which are used whole or ground into flour
rabarbar dłoniasty, rzewień chiński, rzewień palczastyRheum palmatum, Chinese rhubarbpojęcie podrzędnelong used for laxative properties
pokrzywa zwyczajnaUrtica dioica, stinging nettlepojęcie podrzędneperennial Eurasian nettle established in North America having broad coarsely toothed leaves with copious stinging hairs
kruszyna pospolitaRhamnus frangula, alder dogwood, alder buckthornpojęcie podrzędnesmall tree common in Europe
prawoślaz lekarskiAlthea officinalis, white mallow, marsh mallowpojęcie podrzędneEuropean perennial plant naturalized in United States having triangular ovate leaves and lilac-pink flowers
ślaz dziki, ślaz leśny, ślazik, malwa dzika, guziczkowe zieleMalva sylvestris, cheeseflower, cheese, high mallow, tall mallowpojęcie podrzędneerect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States
ślaz zaniedbanyMalva neglecta, common mallowpojęcie podrzędneannual Old World plant with clusters of pink or white flowers; naturalized in United States
skrzyp polnyEquisetum arvense, field horsetail, common horsetailpojęcie podrzędneof Eurasia and Greenland and North America
czosnek, czosnek pospolity, czosnek zwyczajnyAllium sativum, garlicpojęcie podrzędnebulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
czosnek niedźwiedziAllium ursinum, Ramsons, wood garlic, wild garlicpojęcie podrzędnepungent Old World weedy plant
łopian większyArctium lappa, cocklebur, greater burdock, great burdockpojęcie podrzędneburdock having heart-shaped leaves found in open woodland, hedgerows and rough grassland of Europe (except extreme N) and Asia Minor; sometimes cultivated for medicinal and culinary use
konwalia majowaConvallaria majalis, May lily, lily of the valleypojęcie podrzędnelow-growing perennial plant having usually two large oblong lanceolate leaves and a raceme of small fragrant nodding bell-shaped flowers followed by scarlet berries
czarnuszka siewnaNigella sativa, Roman coriander, nutmeg flower, black carawaypojęcie podrzędneherb of the Mediterranean region having pungent seeds used like those of caraway
czarnuszka damasceńskaNigella damascena, love-in-a-mistpojęcie podrzędneEuropean garden plant having finely cut leaves and white or pale blue flowers
szczaw, szczaw zwyczajnyRumex acetosa, garden sorrel, sour dockpojęcie podrzędneEuropean sorrel with large slightly acidic sagittate leaves grown throughout north temperate zone for salad and spring greens
krwiowiec kanadyjski, sangwinaria kanadyjskaSanguinaria canadensis, tetterwort, redroot, puccoon, bloodrootpojęcie podrzędneperennial woodland native of North America having a red root and red sap and bearing a solitary lobed leaf and white flower in early spring and having acrid emetic properties; rootstock used as a stimulant and expectorant
mak piaskowyPapaver argemone, prickly poppypojęcie podrzędneannual Old World poppy with orange-red flowers and bristly fruit
mak polnyPapaver rhoeas, Flanders poppy, field poppy, corn poppypojęcie podrzędneannual European poppy common in grain fields and often cultivated
mak lekarski, mak ogrodowy, mak uprawnyPapaver somniferum, opium poppypojęcie podrzędnesouthwestern Asian herb with greyish leaves and white or reddish flowers; source of opium
berberys pospolity, berberys zwyczajnyBerberis vulgaris, European barberry, common barberrypojęcie podrzędneupright deciduous European shrub widely naturalized in United States having clusters of juicy berries
mahonia pospolita, mahonia ostrolistna, ościał pospolityMahonia aquifolium, holly-leaves barberry, mountain grape, hollygrape, Oregon holly grape, Oregon grapepojęcie podrzędneornamental evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having dark green pinnate leaves and racemes of yellow flowers followed by blue-black berries
stopkowiec tarczowatyPodophyllum peltatum, wild mandrake, May apple, mayapplepojęcie podrzędneNorth American herb with poisonous root stock and edible though insipid fruit
orlik pospolityAquilegia vulgaris, granny's bonnetspojęcie podrzędnecommon European columbine having variously colored (white or blue to purple or red) short-spurred flowers; naturalized in United States
grzybień białyNymphaea alba, European white lilypojęcie podrzędnea water lily with white flowers
zawciąg pospolity, zawciąg nadmorskiArmeria maritima, sea pink, cliff rosepojęcie podrzędnetufted thrift of seacoasts and mountains of north temperate zone; occasionally grown as a ground cover